There are specific conditions and certain rules for becoming a lawyer. The processes are described below.
Become a lawyer
In aspects of the UK and Bangladesh jurisdictions, what are the requirements or qualifications to become a practicing solicitor?
If someone wants to become a lawyer in the UK, they can consider that there are a few distinct types of authorities that directly license the lawyer on a day-to-day basis.
- Lawyers Regulatory Authority
- standard helm board
- CILEX Rules – Chartered Institute of Legal Executives
- Approved Carriers – Council of Approved Carriers
- Patent and Trademark Attorneys – Regulated by the Intellectual Property Regulatory Council
- Costs Lawyers – Regulated by the Costs Lawyer Standards Boards (CLSB)
- Notaries – Regulated by the Master of Faculties
I would like to give a brief overview of how to become a barrister and solicitor in UK and how to become a lawyer in Bangladesh.
To become a lawyer:
Full degree in law or non-law with Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) and Post-Graduation, Diploma in Legal Practice (LPC), and;
a) The student must apply for a period of two years of recognized training contract before starting his LPC. Sometimes the training provides tuition fees for the student’s academic year as part of the training contract agreement. The recognized full-time training contract is fixed for 24 months or 18 months with 6 months of exemption, if the student already has professional experience.
b) A student could be offered a recognized part-time internship contract.
c) Recognized training period – a student is working within the practice under the supervision of the Senior Solicitor and the firm/practice is regulated and licensed by the Solicitor Regulatory Authority to practice in England Wales.
d) Once you are a qualified lawyer, you work – in-house, in private practice, as a sole practitioner, as a barrister, in the court system.
In autumn 2021 the Barrister Qualifying Examination (SQE) is introduced as a new route to qualify as a barrister in England and Wales; SQE which has been designed in two stages of assessment – SQE1 (on legal knowledge) and SQE2 (on practical legal skills and knowledge).
There is a 10 year transition period until 2031 when the LPC (Legal Practice Course) will be fully replaced by the SQE pathway to become a Solicitor.
As part of the new pathway to qualify as a solicitor – students will be required to pass both SQE1 and SQE2. The student must pass the SQE1 before taking the SQE2.
In addition to passing the SQE assessments, candidates must complete their degree (the degree can be in any subject), complete two years of qualifying work experience (QWE) under supervision, and meet character and educational requirements. qualification of the Solicitors Regulatory Authority. The QWE can be performed at up to four separate employers, including law firms, legal clinics, academic institutions, or other appropriate organizations.
To become a lawyer
Three components of training to become a lawyer:
1. Academic components – Law graduates or non-law graduates with law
Conversion Course, Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL)
2. Vocational Training – Bar Training Course (BTC)
3. Pupilage or on-the-job training – To practice as a lawyer, students must undergo practical on-the-job training, usually a period of six months non-practice and six months of practice under the supervision of a practicing lawyer.
Some people, such as a qualified barrister, academics or overseas lawyers, may wish to become a barrister in England and Wales by applying through the Bar Transfer Test (BTT). Those wishing to apply for the BTT may be exempt from some or all of the requirements, depending on their circumstances.
To become a lawyer in Bangladesh:
1. Full law degree (LLB or LLB Hon’s)
2. The student must undergo a six-month training/internship period under the supervision of a senior lawyer from Bangladesh with 10 years of experience.
3. After completing 6 months of training/internship, the student will be eligible to take their bar exams to register as a lawyer in Bangladesh.
4. The bar admission examination consists of three stages:
(b) Written; and
(c) Viva under the supervision of the Registration Committee.
If the student satisfies the registration committee by passing all the above, he/she can be granted a certificate of registration by the Bar Council to practice as a barrister in the lower court of Bangladesh.
With a practice experience of 2 years, a lawyer becomes eligible to obtain the right of audience to appear and represent before the High Court Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh.
Any person other than a lawyer must be allowed to appear and represent in court in Bangladesh:
If someone had 10 years of experience performing a judicial function, he/she could otherwise be qualified and admitted directly to practice in the High Court without passing bar exams. He is not required to be registered as a lawyer with the local bar association. The Bar Council will issue him a certificate followed by an interview with the board subject to the condition that he is not licensed to practice in a lower court in Bangladesh.
Foreign Lawyer in Bangladesh:
Requirements for a foreign lawyer to be admitted on the list to appear and represent in court in Bangladesh:
A foreign lawyer can be admitted directly to practice before the High Court of Bangladesh without passing an examination. Under the current regime of law, Bangladesh Legal Practitioners and Bar Council Orders, 1972 (as amended up to October 2013), the candidate must be a law graduate and he/she must be a barrister or solicitor registered in a foreign jurisdiction.
Abdullah Al Mamun, the writer, is a lawyer. He specializes in immigration law, human rights, asylum, EU law, family law and social benefits.